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It is often assumed that each province or territory has the same or similar hunting laws, but this could be a troublesome or costly assumption. Before taking part in any hunting activities, you need to be certain of the laws in that area; after all, it is your responsibility.




Manitoba
Persons in Manitoba are prohibited from operating or possessing a drone while hunting or while accompanying another person who is hunting. This applies to hunting of all wildlife.

A drone is defined as an unmanned airborne vehicle that is guided remotely.

This law was added to the hunting regulations in 2014, shortly after drones became more popular and available to the public. The use of vehicles, including aircraft, has always been regulated when it comes to hunting because to use vehicles to pursue, spot, or
harass game is considered unethical hunting and unfair chase in the harvest of wildlife by licensed hunters.

Gerry Rosset, Conservation Officer,
Manitoba

Saskatchewan
Drones, UAVs, or unmanned aircraft (referred to by various names) cannot be used for any purpose connected to hunting in Saskatchewan. In line with the fair chase principle, in August 2014 an amendment was made to Section 47(1) of Saskatchewan’s
Wildlife Regulations: “No person shall operate an aircraft, including an unmanned aircraft … in Saskatchewan for the purpose of hunting wildlife.” Violators can face a fine of up to $100,000 and loss of hunting rights.

Ken B. Ness,
Detective Sergeant,

Ministry ofEnvironment,
Saskatchewan


British Columbia
Wildlife Act Hunting Regulation Division 7 - Hunting Methods Offence - Drones
17.1 (1) In this section, “drone” means an aerial vehicle that
(a) is not occupied or operated by a person within the vehicle,
(b) is operated by
    (i) remote control,
    (ii) pre-programmed software,
    (iii) onboard computer autonomy or artificial intelligence, or
    (iv) any combination of sub-paragraphs (i) to (iii), and
(c) is capable of attracting, searching for, chasing, pursuing, following after or on the trail of, stalking, spotting or monitoring wildlife.

(2) A person commits an offence if, while on a hunting or trapping expedition, the person
(a) operates a drone,
(b) has a drone in his or her possession, charge or control, or
(c) uses information that a drone obtains during, or less than 6 hours before the start of, the expedition.

(3) An offence referred to in subsection (2) of this section is prescribed for the purposes of section 84 (1) (b) (ii) of the Act.Prescribed Fines S. 17.1 (2)(a) - Operate drone while on a hunting or trapping expedition $345
S. 17.1 (2)(b) - Have a drone in possession, charge or control while on a hunting or trapping expedition $345
S. 17.1 (2)(c) - While on a hunting or trapping expedition, use information obtained by drone during, or less than 6 hours before,
start of expedition $345

Northwest Territories
Our definition of aircraft does not include drones. Currently, we have no restrictions regarding the use of drones to assist with
hunting but we are exploring possible future restrictions under new regulations in our Wildlife Act.

Please note however, that our initial analysis is that any future restrictions would likely only apply to RES, NR, and NRA harvesters as we cannot infringe on an Aboriginal right to harvest by any means necessary.

Jamie Chambers,
Environment and Natural
Resources,
Northwest Territories


Yukon Territory
Currently, there is no law in place in Yukon that prevents a person from using a drone to assist with lawful hunting. There is however, a regulation proposal in the works that will make it unlawful for any person to use a drone to assist in any way with hunting.

After consultation with First Nations, public interest groups, and the public, the new regulation was recommended to the Yukon
Minister of Environment by the Yukon Fish and Wildlife Management Board in 2016.

The Minister accepted the recommendation, and Department officials are now working with Yukon Department of Justice to finalize
the wording of the regulation before it is finalized and becomes law.

Kirby Meister,
Conservation Officer,
Yukon


Alberta
Drones are unmanned aircrafts that can be controlled using a remote control or autonomously by software with preprogrammed
flight paths.

The term aircraft is defined in the federal Aeronautics Act under Sec (3) (1) as anymachine capable of deriving support in the
atmosphere from reactions of the air, and includes a rocket.

In Canada, drones are referenced as Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) in legislation.

The Canadian Aviation Regulations Sec 101.01(1) states that unmanned air vehicle means a power-driven aircraft, other than a
model aircraft, that is designed to fly without a human operator on board.

In the Wildlife Act, Section 33 provides that it is an offence to hunt wildlife with an aircraft, and to use an aircraft with intent to harass, injure, or kill wildlife. Section 125 of the Wildlife Regulation also provides that it is an offence to communicate the whereabouts or signs of wildlife witnessed during the flight of an aircraft to assist anyone who is hunting.

From the Wildlife Act:
Interpretation of “hunt”
Sec 1 (o) “hunt” means, subject to subsection (6), with reference to a subject animal,
    (i) shoot at, harass or worry,
    (ii) chase, pursue, follow after or on the trail of, search for, flush, stalk or lie in wait for,
    (iii) capture or wilfully injure or kill,
    (iv) .attempt to capture, injure or kill, or
    (v) assist another person to hunt in a manner specified in sub clause (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv) while that other person is so hunting;

Sec 1(2) A person shall not be regarded as having hunted a subject animal
(a) .for the purposes of subsection (1)(o)(ii), if
    (i) the person was not carrying a weapon, and
    (ii) the purpose of the person’s activity was restricted to watching, photographing, drawing or painting a picture of the animal,

Use of vehicles, boats and aircraft
Sec 33(1) A person shall not
(a) .hunt wildlife from or with an aircraft,

Hunting following aircraft flight
Sec 43(1) A person shall not hunt big game within 6 hours after having disembarked anywhere, whether in Alberta or not, from an aircraft other than a fixed wing aircraft propelled by jet or turbo propeller driven engines.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to hunting that is specifically authorized by or under a licence authorizing the control of wildlife
depredation or the collection of wildlife.

Using a drone to photograph wildlife is not illegal, however, once the drone is used for hunting purposes or the wildlife are being
harassed, offences under the Wildlife Act have been committed. If you have further questions or concerns regarding drones, contact your local fish and wildlife officer.

Trevor Johnson,
Fish and Wildlife Enforcement Branch,
Alberta




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